Wednesday, 14 December 2016

Fake Post Detection

Fake Post Detection
Bot enabled curation
After getting the results of US presidential election, Facebook took a lot of heat for spitting on the fake news in its news feeds, by the time Facebook had replaced the human curators with an aggregation algorithm.

"Anything happening anywhere, it is just shared as a post, if nothing happens even that can be represented and shared as a post, a post made is completely based on the mindset of a user."

Event Capturing and Sharing

Today’s social networking sites has become a virtual world, here each of us are connected by various means. People uses this connection for many things, advertising is the most profitable one. Just because one can reach to huge set of audiences globally, it has been a very good platform to journalists and media housed to share the live news updates. On the other hand it has become very easy for misleading huge set of audiences with a small post with wrong information.

"From Silicon Valley till the White House everyone has suffered from the ill effects due to hoax news and now the America stands Trumped…!"

A post in Facebook is collection texts, image or a video along with the information of person posting it; further every post will have a counter of reactions and comments list. The beauty of text is, it is not restricted to describe a post, but can be used to refer a remote resource using URL or to emphasize the post using hash tag (# as prefix) or can refer an entity(user or a page in Facebook) itself using @ as prefix.

Curating a post:

a.       Requirements for Curating a post:

i.                    Every post must contain textual description, other than image or video.
ii.                  A post related to news must be tagged as #news at-least.
iii.                Tagging peoples, pages or location will gives proper relevance.

·         Any post that doesn’t satisfy these requirements will be ignored from the algorithm, flagging them as ineligible.

      b.    Assumptions that can be made for Curating an eligible post:

i.                    If a post made by verified source of Facebook (verified users or pages), then the post would be trustful.
ii.                  All re-posts from verified sources, without modifications will be again trust-able.
iii.                If a post contains only a URL and if its domain has good rank, then the post would trust-able.

·         An assumption is not a solid basis, so they should never be hard coded.

c.    To identify genuine posts from unverified sources:

i.  Any event shared digitally will have at-least a twin, across various sources.
ii. The challenge is to identify such sources and to weather or not to trust it.

A. Algorithm to Test a Post for news feeds:

Step 1: IF tags == null || tags dontHave "#news" 
        then SET isEligible = FALSE
        END IF 

Step 2: IF msgTXT == null 
        then SET isEligible = FALSE
        END IF 

Step 3: IF isEligible == FALSE 
        then EXIT
        END IF 

Step 4: IF userID is verified
         then (post must be from trusted source)
         doPost(this, "green")
        END IF 

Step 5: IF msgTXT contains only the URL && ( RANK(URL) is GOOD || isReputed(URL) )
         then (post must be from a trustworthy external source)
         doPost(this, "green")
        END IF 

Step 6: Exit

B. Algorithm to doPostProcess for posts from un-verified sources:

Step 1: IF isEligible == FALSE
        then EXIT
        END IF 

Step 2: findTwins(this)

Step 3: IF twinPost exists in any verified source ( must be a re-post from a trusted source )
then doPost(this, "green") 
        END IF 

Step 4: EXIT

C. Algorithm to find a Twin Post across Internet:

Step 1: Use existing search engine APIs and search for the presence of keywords, tags, mentions and descriptions of the post. (To identify the sources of inbound links to this post)

Step 2: If search results exists, verify the sources using Reputation Algorithm (reputation based on page rank, popularity or hits...) by ignoring redundant results.

Step 3: based on verification result classify the post under R B G category
        - R = Red = Unverified / Unable to verify (no twin exists, may be a fresh post, from a fresh or less popular source  )
        - B = Blue = Partially verified (found some or very less twins)
        - G = Green = Fully verified ( inbound links to this post exists across reputed sites, not just like Facebook post share )

Step 4: doPost(this, COLOR)

Step 5: EXIT

NOTE: A blog/web post shared on reputed sites like Reddit or Facebook may not be considered as a trusted one unless that blog/website achieve good reputation/rank. Since the back links on reputed sites points back to that source blog/website, which is still evolving...!

E.g. Consider this post that you are reading now in my blog. My Alexa Rank at the time of writing this post is 15966794.., yah that's very poor. Ranking a page depends on many factors and this can be considered to measure the reputation of a domain, website or a blog. If  I share this post on Reddit or Facebook, since this is a new post there are no twins to it, Ironically my algorithm will mark that post as unverified at the best case, as the reputation strategy is completely based on Page Ranking..!

NOTE: A new and genuine resource with less reputation being marked as R or B can be influenced by factors that we are considering for reputation of a resource. So a proper reputation assignment strategy is required and page rank only seems insufficient at-least in my case... :P

Finally doPost(Post, Color) is a method to render all eligible posts for news feeds, that are categorized under color codes.

So Color Coding and Twin Post Detection was my strategies, to identify the truth-hood of posts that are floating on net.

Monday, 10 October 2016

Telegram User React with LikeBot

User React with LikeBot
LOGO of LikeBot (@Like)

Telegram is a more than a simple messenger, the BOT support makes Telegram unique from it competitors. Today I have something for Telegram Channel admins and for Group members. Something that helps to capture the viewers opinion and reaction on your posts...!

You may know that a Channel is a broadcast environment where the admin can share messages to the channel subscribers, this is a 1 to N mode of communication. On the other hand a Group supports N to N mode of communication.

Sending a simple personal message to specific user is limited to two known individuals, but a generic message can be made to reach a huge set of audience across the globe through these Groups and Channels.

After creating a post, one will need to know the reaction of the audience ,this helps to create more better quality posts. In a group all members will have authorization to message back or to replay to a post. But in a channel its impossible.
Telegram provides the view count, so one can get to know the number of viewers of a post, but the viewers likes or dislikes related to the post was never been known to the post creator till now and the viewers were not been able to share there opinion on the post, a small gap in communication.

But now this problem is been solved. LikeBot (@Like) is all you need..!

Emoji click-able buttons

A like bot is a normal telegram bot that helps to create a emoji based buttons (shown above), these buttons captures click counts. A post can have upto 6 emoji buttons.

A post from Telegram Geeks (@geekschannel)
Every emoji button can be made to represent various reactions, a post author can use the reaction counts for improvisation...

To make this work for your posts:

i. Start the LikeBot (@Like).

ii. Type in /start command, this will make the bot to create a new instance for your post, now the bot will ask you to send in your post(text, photo, video or a sticker). You can create there or just forward from somewhere..

iii. If step 2 is successful, you will be asked to send a max of 6 emoji icons, each icon is expected to represent the reaction of viewer on the uploaded post.

iv. If step 3 succeeds, you will be given a link, containing your post, with its ID as hashed string(not visible when shared) & you are asked to share this.

Now along with number of viewers, the reaction count will decide the popularity of a post. I believe this will give rise to new sets of post analytics bots in future...

Till today there is very less information on the LikeBot, research is going on about the data that a react bot collect when a user clicks on it. Results will be updated...


Tuesday, 28 June 2016

Resume an Interrupted Download

In this article I will tell you how to resume or continue an interrupted download.

      If the download link is static then we may not face the problem, but a dynamic download link having expiry time, this will cause a big problem specially while downloading huge files…, 

"I was facing such troubles while downloading movies from Youtube. But now this problem is been handled…!"

To know more about dynamic download link or auto expiry links, please refer the post here.

Before proceeding further, I believe you got to know about dynamic download links. Instead of using your web-browser for downloading purpose, it is always a best practice to have a download manager. Like a torrent client, have separate download software. In this case, I recommend Internet Download Manager (IDM) or Free Download Manager (FDM). IDM has got page crawlers, so if a media file exists on a webpage, then you may see a download button next to it…! So it makes very easy to download, but sometimes its bit annoying...!

The trick I’m sharing here is been successfully tested with IDM v6.25

A.    Normal Download:

                i.            Obtaining the URL of media File:
In-case of a video file its better to use it’s completely free, no to run applets and the best  part is it gives you variety of formats to download..! The image linked here will tell you how to obtain the download URL manually.

     ii.          Feed the URL to IDM:
Open the IDM and click Add URL button, if you have copied the URL, then IDM will read data directly from the clipboard, click ok, within few seconds the new window will show the size of file, only then continue your download.

         B.     Continue the interrupted download:
I believe you have read about the dynamic download links, so I’ll straight away continue with the trick to resume.

i.                    Follow the step-i, in section A, to                                   obtain the new download link.

ii.                  Open IDM, go to properties section of interrupted download. Now replace the old URL in address space (highlighted in blue), with the new URL you just         obtained in step1. Now resume the download…!

Thursday, 28 April 2016

Telegram is unsharable in WhatsApp

When BJP government lead by Mr Narendra Modi came to power in India, the Prime minister Mr Narendra Modi told “Make in India”, with the aim of bringing the manufacturers to India; some SPAMMers took the advantages of this and began to SPAM “Made in India”.

  I can recall one such message that is popular in messengers related to Telegram (a popular messenger app), which was projected to be made in India.

Today 28-04-2016 when I using the app Telegram, its desktop comparability, cloud storage features impressed me and I taught of inviting my friends.
screenshot 1

  I wrote a small text message (you can see in the screen shorts) in WhatsApp, and sent it to a group. Later I taught of forwording the same message to other group, usually a long press on a message would allow to select it and would show a list of actions that could be performed on it (screenshort 1),
 but the options did not let me to forward or copy my message (screenshort 2). Yes my message seemed like a promotional message, I have seen many SPAM messages flowing in WhatsApp with no restriction, but this incident was quite shocking.
screenshot 2

 Then I taught of testing the same message in Telegram ,  but Telegram imposed no restrictions...!

Later I came to know that the presence of string telegram followed by DOT, followed by a TLD was the reason to restrict me in forwarding the message in WhatsApp. 

  Hurray Adding a string in your WhatsApp message will make that message impossible to share  and copying.!!!

Can we call it a discrimination...??

* telegram.[TLD] will make the message un-sharable in WhatsApp
* TLD = Top Level Domain e.g. com, co, org...                            

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